WALLS OF DUBROVNIK HISTORY
History of the City walls
The City Walls are the main attraction of Old Town Dubrovnik with the complex system of forts, casemates, bastions, towers, and detached forts.
The walls are the main reason why Dubrovnik is well known as the Pearl of the Adriatic. The City of Dubrovnik is completely surrounded with defensive walls and forts, including the Old Port. The walls run uninterrupted for 1940 meters (6365 feet) in length, encircling most of the City, and reach a maximum height of about 25 meters (83 feet). Like Rome is well known by Rome Colosseum, Walls of Dubrovnik are pretty much the same for Dubrovnik. They were built through the history in times when there was a danger of foreign attacks over the City and the Dubrovnik Republic. The history goes back to the Middle Ages. In the 9th century, Saracens besieged the city for 15 months. The earliest settlement upon the islet od Laus was protected by walls. These are the facts that the City was well fortified in that time. The City first spread over the uninhabited eastern part of the Laus islet. During the 9th and the 10th century, the eastern section was included within the defense walls.
The City was separated from the mainland by the sea channel which was filled with earth in the 11th century. In the 13th century, the whole city was enclosed with the walls. Dominican monastery became a part of the City wall complex in the 14th century. In the same time, there were built 15 square forts to increase the strength.
The design derives from the 14th century. The definitive shape was fixed in time between the fall of Constantinople in 1453. and the earthquake in 1667. That period is called the Golden Age of Dubrovnik.
The walls are protected at four points by strong forts, also by 2 round towers, 12 quadrilateral forts, 5 bastions, and 2 corner towers, while the scarp wall is flanked by one large and 9 small semicircular bastions. It has an irregular quadrilateral form. The Tower Minčeta is on the north, in the east the port is protected by the Fortress Revelin and there is a Fortress of Saint John in the southwest. The western entrance to the city is protected by Fortress Bokar. The western end of the city is protected by Fortress Lovrijenac.
Dubrovnik has retained his walls so perfectly and that is the reason why Dubrovnik is included in the World Heritage List from UNESCO since 1979.
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Our special walking tours are available every day, all you should do is choose which time suits you the best.
Expert Local Guide
City Walls and Old Town Walking Tour
Explore the impressive landmarks of Dubrovnik and discover its centuries-old history by going on this guided tour. Enjoy a 1.5-hour walk of the Old Town accompanied by an expert local guide and uncover the city's secrets. You will also have a unique opportunity to walk around the magnificent City Walls.
Dubrovnik Kayak Tour
Discover the city of Dubrovnik from a unique perspective on an exciting kayaking tour! Marvel at the view of the mesmerizing Dubrovnik’s coastline while you ride across the Adriatic Sea. The best way to escape the city rush and beat the summer heat is by going on this fun sea adventure!
Expert Local Guide
Game of Thrones Tour
Follow the footsteps of your favorite characters from the Game of Thrones series by going on this spectacular tour. Accompanied by an expert tour guide, you will have an opportunity to discover all the iconic filming locations of the series, learn interesting behind-the-scenes stories, and take a photo on the famous Iron Throne.
History of the City gates
Walls of Dubrovnik were built in the 13th century. During the 15th century were built 15 towers as a part of the city walls, some of them are preserved until today. There used to be four gates leading into The City of Dubrovnik: the Pile Gate, The Ploce Gate, the Peskarija Gate and the Ponta Gate. Buža Gate was opened in the northern part of the Walls in 1908 during the Austrian rule.
Ploče Gate is the main entrance to the Old Town from the eastern side which also has a bridge like Pile Gate. This gate (also known as Vrata od Ploca) was built in the 14th century.
The bridge was built according to the prototype of Pile Gate’s bridge by Ivan of Siena, but later it was demolished and after reparation, the wooden drawbridge had been inserted. Crossing this bridge you can come to the Revelin fortress and in the continuation, there is the main street of Dubrovnik City- Stradun. Ploce Gates has also Inner and Outer Gates.
The Inner Ploce Gate was built in Romanesque style and are really small. Above the gate stands a stone statue of the patron of Dubrovnik, St. Blaise, also in a Romanesque style. During the period of Austrian occupation at the end of the 19th century, the new, larger gates were opened next to these.
The Outer Ploce gate was built in 1450 by Simeone della Cava. In the 19th century, the gate was widened.
FUN FACT: Today, this is a gateway to the beaches and hotels at Ploce.
Ponta Gate (means “pier” in Croatian ) was designed by Juraj Dalmatinac and built by Paskoje Milicevic during the 15th century. This Gate leads to the Old Port of Dubrovnik Old Town. When you exit the Old Town by this gate, you will see the circular St. John Fort on the right side.
If you go from Prijeko to Ruđer Bošković Street, you will come to Buza Gate. This street was named after the native house of Ruder Boskovic (Croatian astronomer, poet, and scientist from the 18th century). Buza Gate was opened in the city walls in 1908.
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We are specialized in selecting the best tours for our visitors and if you are traveling to Rome we highly recommend Colosseum Underground Tour and Morning Vatican Tour